Patrik Lindenfors

Fil. Dr i Zoologisk Ekologi

Curriculum Vitae
Personlig information

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   Personal details

Nationality: Swedish
Date of birth: January 21, 1964
Bachelor name: Johnson
Family: Married to Anna Lindenfors, working at Save the Children, Sweden, Three sons: Oskar and Simon, both born November 11th 1999, and Magnus, born October 30th 2003.

   Personal introduction

I am an Associate Professor (Docent) at the Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution and the Department of Zoology, Stockholm University.

At the Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution I mainly study how to apply thinking from biological evolution on cultural change. Currently, I am mainly investigating democracy (I am one of 15 project managers within the Varieties of Democracy project, administered from the department of Political Science at Gothenburg University) and religion (together with a researcher from Växjö University).

At the Department of Zoology I mainly investigate primate brain evolution and the evolution of sexual size dimorphism. To study these issues I do comparative analyses, mostly on mammals.

I have also authored three books. The first on a non-religious world view for teenagers entitled “God Probably Doesn’t Exist”, the second entitled “Cooperation” about the biological and cultural evolution of cooperation, and a third book entitled “Secular Humanism”, together with Christer Sturmark. I also write frequently about science and religion in the press.

I am a board member of Humanisterna (the Swedish Humanist Association) and the European Humanist Federation (EHF) as well as an active member of Fri Tanke Smedja (rationalist think tank) and Uppsalainitiativet (climate change information association).

  Academic Career

2009 Jan-Ongoing Associate Professor (Docent) Department of Zoology & Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution, Stockholm University, Sweden.
2008 Jan-2008 Dec Researcher & Course Leader Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution & Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
2006 Jan-2007 Dec Researcher (part-time) Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
2006 Apr-2007 Dec Researcher (part-time) Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany (with Dr Charles Nunn).
2003 Aug-2005 Dec Post-doc Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA. Advisor: Professor John L. Gittleman.
2002 Mar-2003 Jul Researcher & Course Leader Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
1995 Mar-2002 Feb PhD Zoological Ecology Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, Sweden. Thesis: Phylogenetic analyses of sexual size dimorphism. Advisor: Professor Birgitta S. Tullberg.
1994 Sep-1995 Feb MSc Zoology Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, Sweden. Thesis: Productivity and nutrient dynamics of tropical seagrass communities in Puttalam Lagoon, Sri Lanka. Advisor: Dr Ron Johnstone.
1989 May UC Computer Engineering (University Certificate) Växjö University, Sweden. Thesis: Custom systems engineering. Advisor: Mathias Hedenborg.

  Other Academic Merits

2014 Sep - Member of the Swedish National Committee for Biology, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (KVA)

2014 Jul - Project Manager (one of 15) within the Varieties of Democracy project, administered from the Dept. of Political Science at Gothenburg University

2011 Jan - 2013 Dec Associate Editor for the journal Evolution.

  Teaching experience

Course leader

Advanced biostatistics 2 occurences: 2010-2011 Stockholm University, Sweden.
Advanced-level ecology (“påbyggnadskurs”) 4 occurrences: 2008-2011 Stockholm University, Sweden.
Human evolution (“kvällskurs”) 2 occurences: 2010 Stockholm University, Sweden.
Basic-level ecology. 3 occurrences: spring 2002 within Biologi 45p, autumn 2002 within Biologi 45p, spring 2003 within Biologlinjen, Stockholm University, Sweden.


Lecturer and field assistant on several basic and advanced level ecology courses, amounting to one year full-time teaching, Stockholm University, 1995 - 2002.
Statistics lab-assistant on the course Statistics for Biology Graduate Students, Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, Sweden, 2008.

  Student supervision

Member of PhD supervisory comittee

Anders Gustavsson: Comparative analyses of body size and life history traits in human populations, terminated at licenciate-level. 2006.

Masters students

Andreas Wartel: Primate brain size correlates with life history and group size, 2017.
Anna Hjalmarsson: Faunivory and encephalization in primates, 2009.
Louise Bednarz: Parasites and the evolutionary diversification of Carnivore clades, 2007 (supervised with A Angerbjörn).
Geir Håvard Nymoen: Delayed implantation in mammals, 2005 (with A Angerbjörn & L Dalén)
Sandra Thorén: A pylogenetic study of canine size dimorphism in primates, 2004.
Laila Fröberg: The evolution of primate social systems: phylogenetic analyses of the socio-ecological model, 2002.
Anders Gustavsson: Effects of marriage system and stratification on human stature, 2002.

Examiner for PhLic in Ethology

Johanna Nordlund: Evolutionary hypotheses and patterns of parental child homicide, 2004.

Examiner for MSc in Ethology

Sofie Lönnberg: Testing insight learning in orangutans (Pongo abelii), 2011.
Yasmina Nyström: Investigation of correlates with the cognitive capacity of female domestic fowl, 2010.
Hanna Aronsson: Något om tänkandets etologi, 2002.

Research Grant One of 15 Project Managers for the Varieties of Democrcy (V-Dem) grant from Riksbankens Jubileumsfond. (Total: 37 600 000 SEK) PI: Staffan I. Lindberg, Univ. of Gothenburg.
Research Grant Swedish Research Council (1 821 000 SEK), 2009-2011.
Research Grant, Crafoord Fund (150 000 SEK), 2007.
Research Grant, Royal Academy of Sciences (50 000 SEK), 2007.
Research Grant, Royal Academy of Sciences (30 000 SEK), 2006.
Post-doc Grant, Swedish Research Council (662 431 SEK), 2003-2005.
Research Grant, Stiftelsen Konung Carl XVI Gustafs 50-årsfond för vetenskap, teknik och miljö (75 000 SEK), 2003.
Ph.D. Research Employment, 80% of full time, Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, 1997 – 2002.
Ph.D. Research Allowance, 80% of full time, Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, 1996 – 1997.
University Lecturer and Field Assistant, 20% of full time, Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, 1996 – 2002.
Research Grant, Wilhelm Leches stipendium (12 000 SEK), 2000.
Travel Grant, Liljevalch j:ors resestipendium (10 000 SEK), 1998.
MFS (Minor Field Study) grant for Masters project (15 000 SEK), 1994

   Miscellaneous Information

2015 Oct– Publisher for Humanisten (member magazine of Swedish Humanist Association)
2015 May – Board member, European Humanist Federation (EHF)
2014 Sep – Member, the Swedish National Committee for Biology, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (KVA).
2014 Jan – Fellow, Secular Policy Institute, Washington DC USA
2014 Apr– Board member, the Swedish Humanist Association.
2011 May– Member of Fri Tanke Smedja think tank.
2011 Oct - Ongoing Resident in Manila, Philippines..
2012 January – 2013 December: Research without salary due to my wife’s work in Manila.
2008 Mar-2011 Mar Chairman of the nominating committee, Swedish Humanist Association
2004 Aug-2007 Jun Resident in Nairobi, Kenya.
2005 January – 2007 June: Research without salary due to my wife’s work in Nairobi.
2004 Jul-2004 Dec Half-year parental leave.
2001 Aug - 2004 Jun Secretary for the kindergarten cooperative ‘Blåbäret’, Sweden.
1999 Nov-2001 Jul Scattered periods of parental leave amounting to one full year.
1995 Mar-1996 Jul PhD studies & research on a 10% activity level.
1994 Aug-1996 Jul Resident in New Delhi, India.
1995 March – 1996 July: research on a 10% activity level due to my wife’s work in New Delhi.
1991 Jul-1995 Feb Studies & research for MSc at Stockholm University, Sweden.
1989 Oct-1991 Jun Technical Support Victor Computers, Stockholm, Sweden.
1986 Aug-1990 Jul Studies For UC in Computer Engineering at Växjö University, Sweden.
1985 Oct-1986 Apr Warehouse Worker at IKEA Stockholm, Sweden.
1984 Aug-1985 Jun Youth Leader at the Swedish School in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
1984 Aug- 1985 Jun Resident in Dar er Salaam, Tanzania.
1983 Jun-1984 May Mandatory military service at I1 Kungsängen, Sweden.
1981 Aug-1983 Jun Gymnasiet, studies in Sigtuna, Sweden.
1979 Jan-1981 Jun High School, studies in Virginia, USA.
1979 Jan-1981 Jun Resident in Washington DC, USA.



Lindenfors P 2017 For Whose Benefit? The Biological and Cultural Evolution of Human Cooperation. Springer, New York.
Lindenfors P & Sturmark C 2015 Sekulär humanism – förnuft, omtanke, ansvar. Förbundet Humanisterna, Stockholm.
Lindenfors P 2011 Samarbete. Fri Tanke: Stockholm.
Lindenfors P 2008 Gud finns nog inte. Fri Tanke: Stockholm.
(Available in English, Swedish, German, Danish, Polish, Dutch and Italian)


Lindenfors P 2002 Phylogenetic analyses of sexual size dimorphism. Ph.D. thesis, Stockholm University.
Lindenfors P 2000 Phylogenetic analyses of size evolution in primate males and females. Ph.Lic. thesis, Stockholm University
Johnson P (bachelor name) 1995 Productivity and nutrient dynamics of tropical seagrass communities in Puttalam Lagoon, Sri Lanka. M.Sc. thesis, Stockholm University.
Johnson P (bachelor name) 1989 Custom systems engineering. U.C. thesis, Växjö University.

Scientific Publications

Lindenfors P, Jansson F, Wang Y-T & Lindberg SI (in press) Investigating sequences in ordinal data: A new approach with adapted evolutionary models. Political Science Research and Methods.
Navarrete AF, Pagnotta M, Lindenfors P, Laland KN & Reader S (in press) Primate brain anatomy: New volumetric measurements for neuroanatomical studies. Brain, Behavior and Evolution.
Lindenfors P (in press) Evolutionära förklaringar av religiösa fenomen. In: Björkman J & Jarrick A (eds.) Riksbankens Jubileumsfond årsbok 2017/2018. Stockholm: Makadam förlag.
Lindenfors P (in press) Primate social evolution. In: International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Wiley-Blackwell.
Wang Y-T, Lindenfors P, Sundström A, Jansson F & Lindberg SI 2017 No democratic transition without women’s rights: a global sequence analysis 1900-2012. European Journal of Political Research.
Lindenfors P 2017 “Mem” and “Memetik” In: Nationalencyklopedin.
Lindenfors P 2016 Evolutionära förklaringar av religion. Pages 2-22 in: Thurfjell D (ed.) Varför finns religion? Stockholm: Molin & Sorgenfrei.
Lindenfors P, Krusell J & Lindberg SI 2016 Sequential requisites analysis: a new method for analyzing sequential relationships in ordinal data. Varieties of Democracy Institute: Working Paper No. 33.
Ross CT, Strimling P, Ericksen KP, Lindenfors P & Borgerhoff Mulder M 2016 The origins and maintenance of female genital modification across Africa: Bayesian phylogenetic modeling of cultural evolution under the influence of selection. Human Nature 27: 173-200.
Lindenfors P, Envall, I, Isaksson S & Enquist M 2015 An empirical study of cultural evolution: the development of European cookery from medieval to modern times. Cliodynamics 6: 115-129.
Isaksson S, Funcke A, Envall I, Enquist M & Lindenfors P 2015 A novel method to analyze social transmission in chronologically sequenced assemblages, implemented on cultural inheritance of the art of cooking. PLoS ONE 10(5): e0122092.
Lind J, Lindenfors P, Ghirlanda S, Lidén K & Enquist M 2013 Dating human cultural capacity using phylogenetic principles. Scientific Reports 3: 1785. pdf
Kodandaramaiah U, Lindenfors P & Tullberg BS 2013 Deflective and intimidating eyespots: a comparative study of eyespot size and position in Junonia butterflies. Ecology and Evolution 3: 4518-.4524..
Lindenfors P 2013 The Green Beards of Language. Ecology and Evolution 3: 1104–1112.
Jansson F, Lindenfors P & Sandberg M 2013 Democratic revolutions as institutional innovation diffusion: rapid adoption and survival of democracy. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 80: 1546–1556.
Lindenfors P, Lind J & Enquist M 2012 Det unikt mänskliga. Pages 31-44 in: Husz, O, Myrdal J, Tydén M, Wallenberg Bondesson M (eds). Människans kunskap och kunskapen om människan: En gränslös historia. Lund: Sekel Bokförlag.
Lindenfors P, Jansson F & Sandberg M 2011 The cultural evolution of democracy: saltational changes in a political regime landscape. PLoS ONE 6: e28270.
Lindenfors P & Tullberg BS 2011 Evolutionary aspects of aggression: the importance of sexual selection. Pages 7-22 in: Huber R, Bannasch DL & Brennan P (eds) Aggression: Advances in Genetics, Vol. 75. Burlington: Academic Press.
Lindenfors P, Revell LJ & Nunn CL 2010 Sexual dimorphism in primate aerobic capacity: a phylogenetic test. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23: 1183-1194.
Lind J & Lindenfors P 2010 The number of cultural traits is correlated with female group size but not with male group size in chimpanzee communities. PLoS ONE 5: e9241.
Nunn CL, Lindenfors P, Pursall R & Rolff J 2009 On sexual dimorphism in immune function. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Series B: Biological Sciences 364: 61-69.
Gustafsson A & Lindenfors P 2009 Latitudinal patterns in human stature and sexual stature dimorphism. Annals of Human Biology 36: 74-87.
Lindenfors P
, Nunn CL, & Barton RA 2007 Primate brain architecture and selection in relation to sex. BMC Biology 5: 20.
Lindenfors P
2007 Studying students in Montessori schools. Science 315: 596. (Lindenfors P 2007 Measuring Montessori school performance. (E-letter) Science 24 May.)
Gustafsson A, Werdelin L, Tullberg BS & Lindenfors P 2007 Stature and sexual stature dimorphism in Sweden, from the 10th to the end of the 20th century. American Journal of Human Biology 19: 861-870.
Lindenfors P, Gittleman JL & Jones KE 2007 Sexual size dimorphism in mammals. Pages 16-26 in: Fairbairn DJ, Blanckenhorn WU & Szekely T (eds) Sex, size and gender roles: evolutionary studies of sexual size dimorphism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lindenfors P, Nunn CL, Jones KE, Cunningham A, Sechrest W & Gittleman JL 2007 Parasite species richness in carnivores: effects of host body mass, latitude, geographic range and population density. Global Ecology and Biogeography 16: 496-509.
Altizer S, Nunn CL & Lindenfors P 2007 Do threatened hosts have fewer parasites? A comparative study in primates. Journal of Animal Ecology 76: 304-314.
Lindenfors P 2006 A method for adjusting means and variances of comparative data for use in a phylogenetic analysis of variance. Evolutionary Ecology Research 8: 975-995.
Lindenfors P & Tullberg BS 2006 Lowering sample size in comparative analyses can indicate a correlation where there is none: example from Rensch’s rule in primates. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19: 1346-1351.
Thorén S, Lindenfors P & Kappeler PM 2006 Phylogenetic analyses of dimorphism in primates: evidence for stronger selection on canine size than on body size. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 130: 50-59
Lindenfors P 2005 Neocortex evolution in primates: the 'social brain' is for females. Biology Letters 1: 407-410.
Gustafsson A & Lindenfors P 2004 Human size evolution: no allometric relationship between male and female stature. Journal of Human Evolution 47: 253-266.
Lindenfors P, Fröberg L & Nunn CL 2004 Females drive primate social evolution. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences 271: S101-S103.
Lindenfors P, Székely T & Reynolds JD 2003 Directional changes in sexual size dimorphism in shorebirds, gulls and alcids. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 16: 930-938.
Lindenfors P, Dalèn L & Angerbjörn A 2003 A monophyletic origin of delayed implantation and its implications. Evolution 57: 1952-1956.
Lindenfors P, Tullberg B & Biuw M 2002 Phylogenetic analyses of sexual selection and sexual size dimorphism in pinnipeds. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 52: 188-193.
Lindenfors P 2002 Sexually antagonistic selection on primate size. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 15: 595-607.
Lindenfors P and Tullberg BS 1998 Phylogenetic analyses of primate size evolution: the consequences of sexual selection. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 64: 413-447.
Johnson P (bachelor name) & Johnstone R 1995 Productivity and nutrient dynamics of tropical seagrass communities in Puttalam Lagoon, Sri Lanka. Ambio 24: 411-417.

Other Writings

Ericson E, Gustafsson U, Lindenfors P & Sturmark C 2017 Politiker, förbjud de religiösa friskolorna. (Debatt) Aftonbladet 12 april.
Lindenfors P 2017 Om djurs tänkande. Folkvett 2017:1.
Lindenfors P & Sturmark C 2017 Religiösa samvetsskäl får inte ges särställning. Dagens Samhälle 8 February.
Lindenfors P 2017 Sprid inte villfarelsen om att spöken finns. (Debatt) Expressen 5 January.
Lindenfors P 2016 Humanisterna: 10 teser för en mer human kyrka. (Debatt) Aftonbladet 31 October.
Lindenfors P 2016 Katolska kyrkan behöver fortfarande reformeras. (Debatt) Dagens Samhälle 30 October.
Lindenfors P 2016 Religiösa konflikter är mer svårlösta. (DN Debatt) Dagens Nyheter 6 September.
Ericson E, Gustafsson U, Lindenfors P, Twana T 2016 Religiösa friskolor fördjupar segregationen. (Debatt) Dagens Samhälle 5 September.
Lindenfors P
2016 Önsketänkande att svenska värderingar är universella. (DN Debatt) Dagens Nyheter 14 July.
Lindenfors P 2016 Moder Teresa: Ett helgon utan gloria. Sans magasin 3.
Lindenfors P 2016 Kyrkan har mycket att be om ursäkt för. Sans magasin 3.
Lindenfors P 2016 Book review: Recension av Människans Muhammed av Jonas Svensson. Chaos - skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studie.
Lindenfors P 2015 Be inga böner för Paris. Humanisten 4: 8-9.
Sturmark C & Lindenfors P 2015 Hög tid att staten slutar sponsra kyrkan. (Debatt) Expressen 26th of October.
Lindenfors P 2016 Religion vs. health. World Future Guide 2016 46-55.
Daruvala D, Dannefjord P, Lindenfors P & Sturmark S 2015 Slopa statligt stöd till homofoba trossamfund. (Aftonbladet Debatt) Aftonbladet 30 June.
Ericson E, Gustafsson U, Lindenfors P & Sturmark C 2015 Humanisterna tar barns religionsfrihet på allvar. (Brännpunkt) Svenska Dagbladet 28 April.
Lindenfors P 2015 Miljöns ofrivilliga Talibaner. Sans magasin 2.
Lindenfors P 2015 Därför behöver vi häda. (Kulturdebatt) Dala-Demokraten 12 February & Humanisten 1.
Lindenfors P 2015 Att fostra fritänkare. Sans magasin 1: 34-40.
Lindenfors P 2015 Om konsten att vara tacksam. Uppdrag Mission 1: 13.
Lindenfors P 2014 De religiösa texterna är problemet. (Brännpunkt) Svenska Dagbladet 4 November.
Lindenfors P, Ericson E, Twana T, Jonsson C, Dannefjord P & Sturmark C 2014 Aborträtt och trafficking hör ihop. (Aftonbladet Debatt) Aftonbladet 18 October.
Lindenfors P, Twana T, Jonsson C, Dannefjord D & Sturmark C 2014 Det handlar om rätten till sin egen kropp. (Brännpunkt) Svenska Dagbladet 4 November.
Lindenfors P 2014 Malmö högskola ger plats åt New age. (Aftonbladet Debatt) Aftonbladet 17 October.
Bergström A, Ljungros K, Forsberg Nilsson K, Ericson E, Lindenfors P & Larhammar D 2014 Nu hotas kvinnors rätt till sina kroppar. (Aftonbladet Debatt) Aftonbladet 2 April.
Lindenfors P, Häggström O, Martinsson A & Westerstrand M 2013 Det är ingen konspiration utan ett verkligt problem. (DN Debatt) Dagens Nyheter 2 December.
Lindenfors P 2013 Kristendom på lek? (Webdebatt) Dagen 22 November.
Lindenfors P Filippinerna i utsatt läge för nya katastrofer. (Brännpunkt) Svenska Dagbladet 20 November.
Lindenfors P 2013 Socialdemokrater för tro, men utan solidaritet. Newsmill 13 May.
Lindenfors P 2013 Religion har evolverat för att passa våra psyken. Newsmill 17 February.
Lindenfors P 2013 Varifrån kommer känslor och värderingar? SANS Magasin Nr. 1.
Lindenfors P 2012 Jultomten är mycket så mer än bara ett kristet helgon. Newsmill 12 December.
Lindenfors P & Sturmark C 2012 En myt att vetenskap kan förenas med religion. (Brännpunkt) Svenska Dagbladet 12th December.
Lindenfors P 2012 Kristna borde sluta ljuga om Jesus födelsedag. SVT Debatt 6 December.
Lindenfors P 2012 Jultomten är mer kärleksfull än Gud. Newsmill 3 December.
Lindenfors P 2012 Att diskutera religion kan aldrig vara en inskränkning av religionsfriheten. Newsmill 19 September.
Lindenfors P 2012 Mitt Romneys religion är ingen privatsak. Newsmill 13 September.
Lindenfors P 2012 Romney saknar omdöme om han tror på mormonismen. Newsmill 8 September.
Lindenfors P 2012 Vänsterns reträtt är en nutida tragedi. Newsmill 21 May.
Lindenfors P 2012 Därför är vetenskap och religion oförenliga. Newsmill 7 May.
Lindenfors P 2012 Biståndspengar ska inte bekosta missionerande. (Debatt) Aftonbladet 4 March.
Lindenfors P, Sandberg M & Jansson F 2012 Demokratins evolution. Gaudeamus 1: 14-15.
Lindenfors P, Sandberg M & Jansson F 2012 Plötslig demokrati: Vad statsvetenskapen kan lära av evolutionsbiologin..De Facto 2: 40-41.
Lindenfors P 2012 Orimligt att religiösa får kränka andras rättigheter. Newsmill 13 January.
Lindenfors P 2012 Så gör Gud skillnad på folk och folk. Newsmill 5 January.
Lindenfors P 2011 Scenen som julkrubban skildrar är en myt - inte vetenskap. Newsmill 22 December.
Lindenfors P & Sturmark C 2011 Skolan ska vara opartisk – förstås! (Debatt) Aftonbladet 22 December.
Lindenfors P & Sturmark C 2011 Sluta ljuga om julen. (Aktuella Frågor) Sydsvenska Dagbladet 13 December.
Lindenfors P 2011 Ingen vet Jesus födelsedag. (Sidan 4 Debatt) Expressen 30 November.
Lindenfors P 2011 Människans gåtfulla samarbete. SANS Magasin Nr 3.
Lindenfors P 2011 Frälsningsarmén värvar medlemmar bland samhällets mest utsatta. SVT Debatt 14 May.
Lindenfors P 2011 Religion är (tyvärr) ingen privatsak. Passagen 21 April.
Lindenfors P, Westerstrand M, Emretsson A, Edman P, Martinsson A & Karlsson L 2011 Forskare som idag förnekar klimathotet var tidigare tobakslobbyister. SVT Debatt 31 March.
Lindenfors P & Sturmark C 2011 Stäng de religiösa friskolorna. Newsmill 11 March.
Lindenfors P 2011 Klimatförvillarnas verksamhet är samhällsfarlig. Newsmill 13 januari.
Lindenfors P & Sturmark C 2010 Julens historia en riktig pr-kupp. Svenska Dagbladet (Brännpunkt) 21 december.
Lindenfors P 2010 Jan Björklunds egna bristande kunskaper visar på faran med en partisk skola. Newsmill 8 december.
Sturmark C & Lindenfors P 2010 Humanisterna tar striden mot främlingsfientligheten. Newsmill 22 september.
Lindenfors P 2010 Ett skyddshelgon för homosexuella? Newsmill 19 september.
Lindenfors P 2010 Eid al-Fitr åt alla! Newsmill 7 september.
Lindenfors P 2010 Det är i människans natur att ha kultur. Tvärsnitt 2:10.
Lindenfors P 2010 Claphaminstitutets lögner om evolutionsteorin. Newsmill 24 februari.
Lindenfors P 2010 Är Sverige på korståg i Afghanistan? Newsmill 10 februari.
Lindenfors P 2010 Glaciärerna smälter fortfarande. Newsmill 25 januari.
Lindenfors P 2010 Kylan har stigit klimatskeptikerna åt huvudet. Newsmill 6 januari.
Lindenfors P 2009 Man kan inte välja och vraka bland naturens lagar. Humanisten 4: 49-53.
Lindenfors P 2009 Claphaminstitutet skriver sin egen historia. Debatt, Världen Idag 12 oktober.
Sturmark C & Lindenfors P 2009 Är inte verkligheten gemensam? Newsmill 26 september.
Sturmark C & Lindenfors P 2009 Dags för Svenska kyrkan att bli kristen. Newsmill 19 september.
Lindenfors P 2009 Gardell önskar sig en egen Gud. Humanisten 2.
Kvarnemo C, Lindenfors P, Ah-King M & Ahnesjö I 2009 Workshop review of: Gender perspectives on the development of sexual selection theory, Uppsala, October 2008. ISBE Newsletter 21: 11-13.
Lindenfors P 2009 En ateist blir till. Newsmill 5 augusti.
Lindenfors P 2009 Jan Björklund ger dubbla budskap om religiösa friskolor. Newsmill 15 juni.
Lindenfors P 2009 Vadå "Gud finns NOG inte?" (Gästkrönika) Seglora smedja 15 juni.
Lindenfors P 2009 En kyrka för alla? (Aftonbladet debatt) Aftonbladet 21 maj.
Sturmark C, Wohlner E, Gunnarson S, Blom A, Häggström O, Liljefors N, Grutzky E, Kornkall P & Lindenfors P 2009. Barn har rätt till kroppslig integritet. (Brännpunkt) Svenska Dagbladet 12 maj.
Edman P, Lindenfors P, Martinsson A, Svensson E & Westerstrand M 2009 Kolkraften en svart fläck på Sveriges klimatsamvete. Newsmill 21 mars.
Lindenfors P 2009 Släng ut mig! (Aftonbladet debatt) Aftonbladet 12 mars.
Lindenfors P 2009 Darwins teorier är bekräftade. (Sidan 4 Debatt) Expressen 10 mars.
Lindenfors P & Sturmark C 2009 Evolutionsteorin mer bekräftad än någonsin. Newsmill 13 februari.
Lindenfors P 2009 Smaklöst av katolska skolan att försöka inte offerrollen. Newsmill 2 februari.
Orr TJ, Lindenfors P, Dalen L, Angerbjorn A & Garland T 2009 (Conference abstract) Delayed implantation in carnivores, causes and consequences and reproductive effort. Integrative and Comparative Biology 49: E127.
Lindenfors P 2008 Ännu ett tomt gudsbevis. Newsmill 31st December.
Lindenfors P 2008 Julen är en högtid för alla. (Debatt) Dala-Demokraten 24 december. (Debatt) Göteborgs-posten 22 december. (Skriv i DN) Dagens Nyheter 20 december. (Opinion) Västerbottenskuriren 15 december. Newsmill 12 december. (Debatt) Norran 8 december. (Samma text i alla tidningar)
Lindenfors P& Lind J 2008 Naturens egna självmordsbombare. Fauna & Flora 103:3: 8-13.
Lindenfors P 2008 Vad kan politiker om stamcellsforskning och nanoteknik? Newsmill 26 October.
Lindenfors P 2008 Bön från en otrogen. Newsmill 30 september.
Lindenfors P 2008 Är Charles Darwin kyrkans man? Newsmill 25 september.
Sturmark C & Lindenfors P 2008 Alla inom Humanisterna är inte ateister. (Synpunkt) Svenska Dagbladet 29 augusti.
Lindenfors P 2008 Säg som det är om Waldorfpedagogiken. Humanisten 2: 39.
Lindenfors P 2008 Vad gör man egentligen på en Waldorfskola? Humanisten 1: 18-20.
Lindenfors P 2007 Bland häxor och missionärer i Kenya. Humanisten 3: 37-38.
Lindenfors P & Grepe C 2007 Pengarna styr - då får vi både biblar och porr (Debatt) Gotlands Allehanda 12 maj. (Ordet Fritt) Östgötacorrespondenten 10 maj. (Debatt) Norra Skåne 9 maj. (Insändare) Värmlands Folkblad 8 maj. (Same text in all papers)
Lindenfors P 2007 Pengar ett skäl för både biblar och porr (Synpunkt) Svenska Dagbladet 7 maj.
Lindenfors P 2007 Pengarna styr - det blev både biblar och porr! (Skriv i DN) Dagens Nyheter 6 maj.
Lindenfors P 2007 Bibeln är kvinnofientlig (Aftonbladet debatt) Aftonbladet 4 maj.
Lindenfors P 2006 Da Vinci-koden och bibeln - vilken bok har egentligen trovärdighetsproblem? Humanisten 4: 36.
Lindenfors P
2006 Papal fallibility. Time 23 oktober & A misunderstood pontiff? Newsweek 20 november (Letter - samma text i båda tidningarna).
Lindenfors P
2005 Rethinking violence (Comment). Anthropology Today 21: 21.
Lindenfors P, Thoren S & Kappeler PM 2005 (Conference abstract) Phylogenetic analyses of canine size dimorphism in primates. American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supp. 40: 138-139.
Lindenfors P 2002 Den själviska genen - en evolutionär metafor. Dagens Forskning 16, 26-27 augusti.
Lindenfors P and Tullberg BS 2001 Book review: Why Sex Matters. A Darwinian Look at Human Behavior by Bobbi S. Low. Princeton University Press, 2000, 412 pp. Ecological Economics 36: 533-534.
Lindenfors P 2000 Skydda ekokossorna från ren humbug. Dagens Nyheter 27 juli.


Lindenfors P 1999 CoSta version 1.03 (performs the contingent states test) Distributed via the internet at (no longer supported)

Web-Pages - Professional web-page - Personal web-page - Book home page - Personal blog - Thesis web-page


Reviewer for Ambio, American Naturalist (5 articles), Animal Behaviour, Animal Conservation, Behavioral Ecology (3), Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (2), BioEssays, Biological Reviews, Biology Letters (2), Canadian Journal of Zoology, Evolution (5), Journal of Comparative Physiology - Part B, Journal of Evolutionary Biology (2), Journal of Mammalogy, Journal of Zoology, Oikos (2), Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B (5), PLoS ONE (2), PNAS, The Science of Nature, Cambridge University Press (1 book proposal, 1 book chapter), National Science Foundation, and Formas (2).

Invited Talks

Naturhistoriska riksmuseet. Ett djur som andra? Människan - det kulturella djuret. 2016.
. Our thoughts are not our own - genes, memes and the histories that are us. Stockholm, 2015.
Humanistkryssningen. Alla har rätt att ha fel – om yttrandefrihet och fritt tänkande. Stockholm, 2015.
Senioruniversitetet. Samarbete Stockholm, Sweden, 2015.
Växjö University. Evolutionära förklaringar av religion. Växjö, Sweden, 2014.
Senioruniversitetet. Finns det hälsoeffekter av religiös tro? Stockholm, Sweden, 2014
Vetenskap och Folkbildning. Samarbete. Stockholm, Sweden, 2014.
Vetenskap och Folkbildning. Gudomlig placebo. Stockholm, Sweden, 2014.
Swedish Humanists Association. Samarbete. Uppsala, Umeå and Stockholm, Sweden, 2011.
Swedish Science Council's"Människans förhållande till djuren". Det är i människans natur att ha kultur. Stockholm, Sweden, 2010.
Stockholm University's "Darwin Day". Evolutionsteorin och religionen. Stockholm, Sweden, 2009.
Swedish Humanist Association's "Day of Humanism". Människan enligt evolutionsteorin. Stockholm, Sweden 2009.
Department of Zoology, University of Gothenburg. Seven key differences between biological and cultural evolution. Gothenburg, Sweden, 2009.
Department of Zoology, University of Gothenburg. The evolution of sexual size and brain dimorphism in primates. Gothenburg, Sweden, 2009.
Museum of national Antiquities. Darwin 200 år. Seminar, Stockholm Sweden 2009.
Evolutionary Biology Centre. Sexual dimorphism in sociality and its consequences. Uppsala, Sweden 2008.
The Evolution of Sexual Size Dimorphism. Mammal sexual size dimorphism. Workshop at Monte Veritá, Locarno, Switzerland 2005.
Evolutionary Biology Centre. Phylogenetic analyses of size evolution in primate males and females. Uppsala, Sweden 2000.

Conference Presentations

Cultural evolution - patterns of cultural change and diversification at Wenner-Gren Center. The Cultural Evolution of Democracy. Stockholm, Sweden 2012.
20th Annual Meeting of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society. Primate brain architecture and selection in relation to sex. Kyoto, Japan 2008.
74th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists: Phylogenetic analyses of dimorphism in primates: evidence for stronger selection on canine size than on body size. Milwaukee, USA 2005.
89th Annual ESA Meeting: Comparative tests of parasite species richness in carnivores. Portland, USA 2004.
Göttinger Freilandtage: Sexually antagonistic selection on primate size. Göttingen, Germany 2001.
Oikos XVII: Några konsekvenser för primathonor av deras hannars storleksevolution. Stockholm, Sweden 1999.
XXVI International Ethological Conference: Sexually antagonistic selection on primate size. Bangalore, India 1999.
Nordic Phylogenetic Systematics Network 4: Phylogenetic analyses of primate size evolution: the consequences of sexual selection. Uppsala, Sweden 1998.
7th International Behavioral Ecology Congress: Phylogenetic analyses of primate size evolution: the consequences of sexual selection. Monterey, USA 1998.
Oikos XVI: Storleksevolution hos primater: konsekvenser av sexuell selektion. Kalmar, Sweden 1998.


Göttinger Freilandtage: Primate brain architecture and selection in relation to sex. Göttingen, Germany 2008.
ASAB Workshop
on ”Sexual Conflict: A Life History Perspective”: Sexually antagonistic selection on primate size. Tovetorp Field Station, Stockholm University, Sweden, 2002.